15 Mars 2018
March 15, 2018
TEPCO, state told to pay 3/11 evacuees who left on their own
By RYUTARO ABE/ Staff Writer
KYOTO--The district court here ordered the government and the operator of the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant on March 15 to pay a combined 110 million yen ($1 million) to 110 evacuees who fled voluntarily after the 2011 nuclear disaster.
Presiding Judge Nobuyoshi Asami at the Kyoto District Court ruled that the government and plant operator Tokyo Electric Power Co. were liable on grounds that they failed to take adequate measures to protect the plant from the tsunami that inundated the facility after the Great East Japan Earthquake.
The court noted the government’s “long-term assessment” for possible earthquakes unleashing tsunami compiled in 2002. The report pointed to the possibility of a powerful earthquake and tsunami striking the plant.
All of the 174 plaintiffs from 57 families had evacuated to Kyoto Prefecture without an evacuation order except for one individual from Tomioka, Fukushima Prefecture.
Tomioka was within the 20-kilometer radius from the plant ordered to evacuate after the crisis unfolded on March 11, 2011, triggered by the magnitude-9.0 quake and tsunami.
Apart from Fukushima, the plaintiffs were from Miyagi, Ibaraki, Tochigi and Chiba prefectures.
The plaintiffs plan to appeal the court decision, as 64 were not awarded compensation.
The plaintiffs sought 846.6 million yen collectively in damages from the government and the utility.
The district court ruling marked the fifth in a series of similar lawsuits brought across the nation.
In all five cases, the respective courts acknowledged TEPCO’s responsibility to pay damages to the plaintiffs.
The Kyoto District Court’s decision was the third to acknowledge the government’s responsibility.
The key issues in the Kyoto case were if the towering tsunami that swamped the plant was foreseen, if the government had authority to force TEPCO to take countermeasures against such an event, and if the amount of compensation paid by TEPCO to voluntary evacuees based on the government’s guidelines was appropriate.
Most of the plaintiffs sought 5.5 million yen each in damages.
In the ruling, the district court determined that TEPCO should pay additional compensation on top of the amount set in the government guidelines to 109 plaintiffs who fled voluntarily despite not being subject to evacuation orders.
The criteria for extra payment are distance from the plant, radiation levels around homes, and family members who require medical attention due to the exposure to radiation.
Among the plaintiffs who were awarded additional compensation were those from Chiba Prefecture, just east of Tokyo and roughly 240 km from Fukushima Prefecture.
The court stated that the extra payment should be based on damage they suffered over two years after they began evacuating.
In the lawsuits filed at three other districts, some of the plaintiffs who evacuated voluntarily were awarded additional compensation, ranging from 10,000 yen to 730,000 yen per person
See also : https://mainichi.jp/english/articles/20180315/p2g/00m/0dm/051000c
Court orders compensation for Fukushima evacuees
Another Japanese court has ordered the government to compensate evacuees of the 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant.
About 170 people who moved from Fukushima Prefecture to Kyoto Prefecture, in western Japan, had sought nearly 8 million dollars from the government and the operator of the nuclear plant, Tokyo Electric Power Company, or TEPCO.
They sought compensation for their psychological suffering due to the loss of their livelihoods.
The case focused on whether the government and TEPCO should have foreseen and prevented damage from massive tsunami.
The case also focused on the amount of compensation offered by the government and its responsibility to those evacuated from undesignated areas.
Many of the plaintiffs lived in areas not designated for evacuation.
The government and TEPCO denied responsibility, claiming there was no way to scientifically predict massive tsunami at the time of the accident.
On Thursday, the presiding judge at the Kyoto District Court acknowledged the responsibility of the government and the utility.
This is the fourth ruling in cases filed by evacuees, and the third to hold the government responsible.